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Colony to Nation — De colonie à pays

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1871 The British High Commissioners for the Treaty of Washington. Les hauts-commissaires britanniques. LAC, C-002422, Matthew B. Brady 1871



"I am greatly disappointed at the course taken by the British Commission-ers. They seem to have only one thing in their minds – that is to go to England with a Treaty in their pockets – no matter what cost to Canada."
                         Sir John A. Macdonald, 1 April 1877, Washington Treaty negotiations



 











  



"I am one of those who believe that this country should have the right to negotiate its commercial treaties. I go a step further, I believe this country should have the right to negotiate every treaty . . . I see no reason why the people of Canada should not look forward to Canada becoming a sovereign and independent State. The right hon. Gentleman stated he was born a British subject and hoped to die one.  Sir, I was born a British colonist, but do not wish to die a tadpole British colonist. I do not wish to die without having all the rights, privileges and immunities of the citizen of a nation."
                                                                                Amor de Cosmos, 2 April 1882






"As to independence how long could we stand as an independent republic? . . . What could Canada do in the Bering sea controversy without England at our back?"
                                                             Sir John A. Macdonald, 2 October 1890




Ontario Archives I0030238



 



"As for myself, my course is clear, a British subject I was born – a British subject I will die. With my utmost effort, with my latest breath, will I oppose the 'veiled treason' which attempts by sordid means and mercenary proffers to lure our people from their allegiance."
                                                                       John A. Macdonald, 7 February 1891



"We French-Canadians belong to one country, Canada. Canada is for us the whole world; but English-Canadians have two countries, one here and one across the sea."
                                                                                                     Wilfrid Laurier







 




LAC c039484k








Canadian War Museum, Ottawa








We Are Proud to be Canadians God Bless the British Empire: Metropolitan Toronto Public Library, Baldwin Room




MTPL







 











 















 








Metropolitan Toronto Public Library











 



"I want you boys to remember what Empire Day means. Empire Day is the festival on which every British subject should reverently remember that the British Empire stands out before the whole world as the fearless champion of freedom, fair play and equal rights; that its watchwords are responsibility, duty, sympathy and self-sacrifice, and that a special responsibility rests with you individually to be true to the traditions and to the mission of your race."
                                                                    Earl Grey, Governor General, May 1909






1914-18 LAC Acc. No. 1983-28-829












Imperial War Cabinet, 1917, LAC C-000241



"Before April 1917 we were content to be Colonials with one thought in common –– that of going "home" to fight for the mother country. But Vimy Ridge was the first battle in which Canadian divisions fought as a whole, and it was purely a Canadian effort, planned and fought our own way.
     The resounding victory, the first in Britain's two and a half years of war, gave every man a feeling of pride, the more so because the long battle line to our right had failed. A national spirit was born, and now to be British was not enough; we were Canadian and would do a good job of paddling our own canoe . . .
     I never felt like a Canadian until Vimy. After that I was Canadian all the way."
                                                                 Major-General F. F. Worthington



"It was Canada from the Atlantic to the Pacific on parade. I thought then, and I think today, that in those few minutes (Battle of Vimy Ridge) I witnessed the birth of a nation."
                                                                 Brigadier-General Alexander Ross











 



"Canada entered the war a colony, she emerged from it close to an independent state."
                                                                         A. R. M. Lower, Colony to Nation






 
“Canada had led the democracies of both the American continents. Her resolve had given inspiration, her sacrifices had been conspicuous, her effort was unabated to the end. The same indominable spirit which made here capable of that effort and sacrifice made her equally incapable of accepting the Peace Conference, in the League of Nations, or elsewhere, a status inferior to that accorded to nations less advanced in their development, less amply endowed in wealth, resources, and population, no more complete in their sovereignty and far less conspicuous in their sacrifice.”
Prime Minister Robert Borden, 1919


 




"We, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the House of Commons of Canada in Parliament assembled, humbly approach Your Majesty, praying that Your Majesty hereafter may be graciously pleased – to refrain hereafter from conferring any title of honour or titular distinction upon any of your subjects domiciled or ordinarily resident in Canada, save such application as are of a professional or vocational character or which appertain to an office."
                                                                                          W. F. Nickle, 1919



 



 




 







 



 



 



 
 

 

British Columbia Agent General, London, Eng., Victoria, 1924







   

   
 
  
 



 







 

 
 
LAC Acc. No. 1983-27-280



 
LAC Acc. No. 1983-27-237




1926 Canadian delegates attending the Imperial Conference. LAC, Aitken Ltd./C-001690, (L-R): Hon. Ernest Lapointe, Rt. Hon. W.L. Mackenzie King, Vincent Massey, Hon. Peter Larkin, Oct. 1926







"They [the Dominions] are autonomous Communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by a common allegiance to the Crown, and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations."
                                                                                     Balfour Declaration, 1926




 

 

 

 
    
 

 









 

 
 
 








 
 

 





 

 

 

 

LAC Acc. No. 1983-27-185

 


LAC Acc. No. 1983-27-186








1928 Canadian Delegation, League of Nations. LAC, C-009055, 3 September 1928, (L-R): O.D. Skelton, Philippe Roy, Raoul Dandurand, Rt. Hon. W.L. Mackenzie King, Charles Dunning, W.A. Riddell







 



 











 



"Canada First, Then the Empire."
                      R. B. Bennett, 1930



 







 



"It is hereby declared and enacted that the Parliament of a Dominion has full power to make laws having extra-territorial operation."
                                                                        Statute of Westminster, 1931















  
Rex Woods, Canadian Home Journal, October 1935











 







 







 



"ln the course of the present war we have seen Canada emerge from nationhood into a position generally recognized as that of a world power."      
                                                                 William L. M.  King, 1 July 1943







 




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GALLUP POLL OF CANADA
Canadian Institute of Public Opinion
July 6, 1955

DO YOU APPROVE OF CANADA HAVING A NATIONAL FLAG OF ITS OWN, OR DO YOU THINK WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO USE THE UNION JACK?




 

















 



 
Dans l'Opposition. LAC Acc. No. 1989-150-49, Robert LaPalme, 22 December 1956











 























 



 







 



















 











 







 







 




Student flag demonstration on Parliament Hill. LAC MIKAN no. 4687819, Duncan Cameron, 1965



 











 







 


















"Today, at long last, Canada is acquiring full and complete national sovereignty. The Constitution of Canada has come home."
                                                                      Pierre Elliot Trudeau, 17 April 1982

"No guns, no revolutions. Can any other nation in all the Americas make that statement? We did not separate violently from Europe but cut our ties cautiously, so imperceptibly that none of us is quite sure when we actually achieved our independence."
                                                     Pierre Berton, Why We Act Like Canadians, 1982