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Disease — Maladie

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Aztec drawing of victims of smallpox, 16th century



"There came amongst us a great sickness, a general plague. It began in the month of Tepeilhuitl. It raged amongst us, killing vast numbers of people. It covered many all over with sores: on the face, on the head, on the chest, everywhere.
It was devastating . . . Nobody could move himself, nor turn his head, nor flex any part of the body. The sores were so terrible that the victims could not lie face down, nor on their backs, nor move from one side to the other. And when they tried to move even a little, they cried out in agony. . .
Many died of the disease, and many others died merely of hunger. They starved to death because there was no one alive to care for them . . .Many had their faces ravaged; sthey were pockmarked, they were pitted for life. Others lost their sight, they became blind."

Florentine Codex, 1550, Ronald Wright, Stolen Continents



Aztec drawing of victims of smallpox, 16th century

 


Smallpox, Historical, poetical and pictoral American scenes, 1850
[MORTAL SICKNESS AMONG THE INDIANS:
Colonists introduced European diseases such as smallpox, chicken pox, measles, whooping cough, cholera, scarlet fever, mumps, tuberculosis, influenza and typhus, among First Nations. Lacking immunity to such diseases wave after wave of epidemics drastically reduced the number of First Nations people living in North America.]




Harper's Weekly, New York, 4 November 1865
[Edward Jenner was well known for his innovative contribution to immunization and the ultimate eradication of smallpox. In 18th century in Europe 400,000 people died annually of smallpox, and one third of the survivors went blind].




Harper's Weekly, New York, 11 November 1865





CHOLERA AND QUEBEC
Cholera: Let’s mark that door. We will think about it next spring, these Quebecers are good people. They know how to have fun and amuse their friends, as a foreigner I will have a good reception. Braves Quebecquois, laugh, sing, drink, your life smiles on me. Wait for me, I still have a lot of work to do in Europe, I will come with the shandon or the first ship that will visit your port when the next navigation opens.
Choir of the pleasure seekers,
Another stroke,
To bring us back to reason,
We are good! We are good! We are good!
La scie illustrée, Québec, 28 November 1865
 



Cholera, Fun Magazine, artist George John Pinwell,, 18 August 1866




Harper's Weekly, New York, 1 February 1867





Harper's Weekly, New York, 23 April 1870




Harper's Weekly, New York, 2 January 1871





Harper's Weekly, New York, 12 July 1873





MONTREAL'S  NIGHT-MAYOR  ON  HIS  GHASTLY  ROUNDS.
(Dedicated to the Board of Health) [artist Henri Julien]





 





 

Postcard, 1778?, [Edward Jenner was well known around the world for his innovative contribution to immunization and the ultimate eradication of smallpox.]





Arrival of the smallpox in Montreal. The monster appeared. The women caress him and attack the health officers who want to chase him away.
Le vrai canard, Montréal, 20 August 1881
 



How cholera is spread in Montreal. Notice to the health unit.
Le grognard, Montréal, 4 August 1883





Robert Goldthorpe Brooks, 1884
[Chief Crowfoot with a group of children. In two years of the photograph being taken, all nine children, some of whom were his own, had died of tuberculosis.]


 


Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 20 June 1885
[In 1885 Montreal had a serious problem with the disposal of garbage. Piles of offal from slaughterhouses, overflowing privy pits, rotten vegetables and fish, dead animals and manure often went uncollected. In the spring the smell alone was deadly. Many people thought that there was a connection with cholera and infectious diseases such as smallpox.
Michael Bliss, Plague: A Story of Smallpox in Montreal]





Montreal, 29 September 1885








Montréal – Scenes en face de L'Hotel de Ville, par les anti-vaccinateurs, dans la soire du 18 Septembre, Montréal Weekly Witness, 30 September 1885
[Canada – the anti-vaccination riots at Montreal – attack on the city hall by a mob of French Canadians, September – Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 10 October 1885]




Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, New York, 10 October 1885
Canada – The Smallpox Epidemic at Montreal – The Volunteer Nurses – The Grey Nuns








Police used force to remove smallpox patients from the public.
Harper's Weekly, sketch by Robert Harris, 28 November 1885, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
 



J. W. Bengough, Grip, Toronto, 12 December 1885




Canada – The Recent Smallpox Epidemic in Montreal – Vaccinating American-bound Passengers on a train of the Grand Trunk Pacific
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 26 December 1885, Wikimedia Commons




Postcard, 22 February 1906, Community Archives, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
[A woman at college writes about being quarantined for smallpox.]




Germ proof (vaccination), Puck, artist Glackens, L. M. (Louis M.), 8 December 1909, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons




Woman with smallpox, LAC a181559-v6








Illinois State Board of Health, Springfield, 1911





The Daily Telegraph and Daily Witness, Montreal, 1912



 
"Fight the Flu!", 1918, BC Archives I-61504




Influenza, Everywoman's World, Toronto, November 1918




Spanish flu, 4 November 1918, LAC a025025






 

Winnipeg Tribune, 4 November 1918




Poster, 1918, Rensselaer County Tuberculosis Association, Troy, N.Y., Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons




Spanish flu victims burial North River Labrador, 1918,  photographer not named, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons




 




Rally of the Anti-Vaccination League of Canada (measles), 13 November 1919, William James City of Toronto Archives via Wikimedia Commons.



Camion Cartoons, Kirkland Hart Day, 1919, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
 



Food and tuberculosis, Library of Congress, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons


 

Open air schools and tuberculosis, Library of Congress, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
 



Tuberculosis is a "House Disease", National Child Welfare Association, New York, LC2014647541


















Tuberculosis is a "House Disease", National Child Welfare Association, New York, LC2014647541









"Immunization - Saves Lives" National Archives at College Park, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons









Veneral disease , LAC c127795k-v8




John Collins, Montreal Gazette, 18 April 1946








Charles R. Knight, The Windsor Daily Star, 21 January 1954








The Nashville Tennessean, artist Tom Little, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons












L'Aiglon, Thetford Mines, 22 November 1963









The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 5 October 1981