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Racism/Diversity — Racisme

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Multiple Perspectives - perspectives multiple

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Mort héroïque de quelques pères de la communauté de Jésus en Nouvelle-France, 1642-49, LAC C-004462
This engraving portrays ten martyrdoms which took place in various places between 1646 and 1650. It was used to solicit funding to support the missions.
• Anne de Nouë de Champagne (1587-1646) was frozen to death while trying to
  administer the sacrament to soldiers at Sorel.
• Isaac Joques (1607-1646) was killed by a hatchet blow to the head by Iroquois at
  Ossernenon (Auriesville, New York).
• Two young Frenchmen who were killed.
• Antoine Daniel (1601-1648) was slain at the Saint-Joseph Mission II.
• Jean de Brébeuf (1593-1649) and Gabriel Lalemant (1610-1649).
• Charles Garnier (1605-1649) was slain by the Iroquois at Saint-Jean in the Huron
• Noël Chabanel (1613-1649) died at the hands of a former convert.
• Joseph Onahare (d.1650) was a young Algonquin who was killed for refusing to
  abandon Christianity.

"It was the 18th of October 1830, in the morning, when my feet first touched the Canada shore. I threw myself on the ground, rolled in the sand, seized a handfuls of it and kissed them, and danced around till, in the eyes of several who were present, passed for a madman."
                                                          Josiah Hanson, A liberated slave [Uncle Tom]

Barbarism and Civilization, 1870, MTPL 



"The Chinese are foreigners. If they come to this country, after three years' residence, they may, if they choose, be naturalized. But still we know that when the Chinaman comes here he intends to return to his own country; he does not bring his family with him; he is a stranger, a sojourner in a strange land, for his own purposes for a while; he has no common interest with us, and while he gives us his labor and is paid for it, and is valuable, the same as a threshing machine or any other agricultural implement… a Chinaman gives us his labor and gets his money, but… he does not invest it here, but takes it with him and returns to China… he has no British instincts or British feelings or aspirations, and therefore ought not to have a vote. 
                                               Sir John A. Macdonald, Commons Debate, 4 May 1885




1895, BC Sugar, Courtesy of Brent Axelson

To Canada, Minister of the Interior, Ottawa, 1903

Damage to property of Japanese residents (Nishimura Masuya, Grocer, at 130 Powell Rd. S.) (Vancouver, B.C.). LAC C-014118, Lyon Mackenzie King,  8-9 September 1907

Sajiro Aoki, 431 Powell Street, Vancouver, B.C. LAC PA-066890, William Lyon Mackenzie King, 8-9 September 1907

Link to "Komagata Maru essay" on 1st20.htm

CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND, 1916. « Moo-che-we-in-es. Pale Face, My skin is dark but my heart is white for I also give to Canadian patriotic fund »,LAC  no d'acc 1989-378-1

Novel 1921

VPL 88382

Ku Klux Klan, 1927 John Boyd, LAC PA-087900

The Montreal YMHA Minstrel Show "Razin a Racket", Jewish Public Library Archives, February 1934


Google "Fred Christie discrimination" for more information, 1936

The British Commonwealth of Nations Together, The group includes (from left to right): a soldier from India, a soldier from East Africa, a soldier from South Africa, a soldier from New Zealand, an airman from Canada, a soldier from Australia, and a sailor from the Royal Navy. LAC, Acc. No. 1983-28-1523, Luntz, 1941


"I had as comrades in my section, men whose names were: Cameron, Kimora, English, Gleidenstein, de Chapin, O'Shaughnessy. We didn't fall out as Irish Canadians, French Canadians, Dutch Canadians, Japanese Canadians. We wore the same uniform, with the same maple leaf badge."

1945 United Nations e010750129

Mr. Lester B. Pearson addressing one of the committees at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, 1945,  LAC - C-018532

Group of Japanese immigrants who had been interned during WW II, waiting for a train to take them to ships, which will take them to Japan. 1946. Groupe d'immigrants japonais qui ont été internés lors de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale, attendant un train qui les emmènera à des navires en partance pour le Japon, 1946. LAC C-047398, Tak Toyota, 1946

We've Buried the Body...Let's Kill the Spirit! :  propaganda war poster. LAC Acc. No. 1981-32-8 Source: Harry Mayerovitch, Montréal, Québec, 1944-45

Jackie Robinson circles third base all-out, bound for home plate during game, LAC PA-201547







United Packinghouse Workers of America, CIO

Canadian Labour Reports, Montreal November 1948

             CANADIAN PUBLIC OPINION October 1949

During the first week of July, 1949, the Canadian Institute of Public Opinion (The Gallop Poll of Canada) interviewed a national sample of 2125 people with the following question:


19% of those polled declared themselves "willing to sign."
4% gave "qualified" answers,
9% "undecided", while
68% declared themselves "not willing to sign."





Link to " Robeson Peace Arch Concert Anniversary" website



This book was banned in Toronto schools in 1956.

Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker with "Bill of Rights", 1958, LAC PA-112659


Dorothy Carvery the Day She Moved. She and Other Africville Residents, were moved using City of Halifax Dump Trucks, 1959-1981, LAC e002283009

Reproduced courtesy of Forestar Syndication Services

Reproduced courtesy of Forestar Syndication Services

Len Norris, The Vancouver Sun, 3 April 1962

Japanese Canadian Centennial 1877-1977. LAC, R11274

"One of the blessings of Canadian life is there is no "Canadian way of life," but a unity under allegiance to the Crown, admitting a thousand diversities."
          George Ignatieff, Cultures and Writers: A Cultural Dialogue of Ethnic Writers, 1983

"For although there are two official languages, there is no official culture, nor does any ethnic group take precedence over any other. No citizen or group of citizens is other than Canadian, and all should be treated fairly."
                                           Pierre Elliot Trudeau, House of Commons, 8 October 1971

"Our great advantage, over other nations, is our tradition of diversity, which was born of the historic necessity of English- and French-speaking Canadians working together and which blossomed into a basic respect for the multitude of cultures, which make up Canada."
                                                       Joe Clark, address in Saskatoon, 28 August 1976

Copyright; Canadian Post Corporation, 1987, e000008290

"Nearly half a century ago, in the crisis of wartime, the Government of Canada wrongfully incarcerated, seized the property, and disenfranchised thousands of citizens of Japanese ancestry. We cannot change the past. But we must, as a nation, have the courage to face up to these historical facts."
                                                                    Brian Mulroney, 22 September 1988

"Canada has an aboriginal past, a biligual present and a multicultural future."
                                                   Garry Filmon, The Financial Post, 13 July 1990

"Canadians, even when they are racist, realize that it's not a nice thing to do."
                                                              Neil Bissonndath, Other Solitudes, 1990

"In a world darkened by ethnic conflicts that literally tear nations apart, Canada has stood for all of us as a model of how people of different cultures can live and work together in peace, prosperity and understanding."
                             Bill Clinton, House of Commons and the Senate, 23 February 1995

"I love Toronto. It's cosmopolitan. There's all sorts of different kinds of people everywhere you go in  Toronto . . . It's a real melting pot in every sense of the word."
                                                           Prince, The Globe and Mail, 29 April 2003

"White, black and yellow men – they all cry salt tears."
                                                             Claude Aveline