The material on this
website is intended for educational use only and may not be reproduced for
commercial purposes without express permission from the appropriate
Le contenu de ce site Web est destiné
à des fins pédagogiques
seulement et ne peut être reproduit à des fins commerciales à moins d'en
avoir obtenu la permission du titulaire du droit
"The Unanimous Voice of the Continent is
Canada must be ours! Quebec must be
"Quebec remained British because it was
George M. Wrong, Canada and the American Revolution
Death of Montgomery at Quebec, 31 December 1776.
LAC Acc. No. 1972-26-763,
Charles William Jefferys, 1920s or 1930s?
Montgomery, John Turnbull, 1 January 1806
"The Revolution, designed to create one
nation, had created
Bruce Hutchison, 1955
"Historically, a Canadian is an American
who rejects the
Northrup Frye, 1952
"Canadians are the children of divorced
parents and they know the bitterness that comes of a broken
A. R. M. Lower
"The outcasts of one land become the
L. S. Upton
"America has her patriots. Canada has the
Dalton Camp, Points of Departure, 1979
"In the American view Loyalists were
unregenerate Tories, place-men, servile monarchists, enemies of the notion
of liberty upon which the new republic was founded. In the Canadian view
they became heroes who endured exile and hardship to demonstrate their
attachment to the Crown and the British connection and their abhorrence of
mob violence and democratic
"The arduous and glorious task to which
Providence had assigned them [the UEL] was to transplant in this new soil
British law and British institutions, and to guard and transport to their
successors the germ of a great idea – the solidarity of the British race
Coyne, Memorial to the United Empire Loyalists
"The words which appear most often in the
loyalist rhetoric were order, stability, allegiance, service, law-abiding,
authority, tradition, inheritance,
Carl Berger, The Sense of Power
"Loyalist blood – those are proud words
still in Canada, nowhere more than in Nova
Thomas H. Raddell
The coming of
the Loyalists, 1783. L'arrivée des Loyalistes, 1783. LAC Acc. No.
1996-282-7, Henry Sandham, 1925
United Empire Loyalists
Landing at the Site of the Present City of Saint John, New Brunswick,
1783. LAC Acc. No. 1939-61-1, John David
"Ut Incepit Fidelis, Sis Permanet (Loyal she
began, loyal she
Official Motto of Ontario
"Many a Canadian can trace lineage back to
a United Empire Loyalist woman who planted the first crop by hand with a
hoe and reaped the first crop by hand with a
Agnes C. Laut
"[The United Empire Loyalists] were the
very cream of the population of the Thirteen Colonies. They represented .
. . the learning, the piety, the gentle birth, the wealth and good
citizenship of the British race in America, as well as its devotion to law
and order, British institutions, and the unity of the
James H. Coyne, Memorial to the United Empire Loyalists
"Those noble men [UEL]
and women who, rather than live under an alien rule, left all the comforts
and luxuries of their well filled homes that they might found in the then
wilderness of Canada a new home, where the British flag might still wave
over, and the British still govern
R. N. Ball
"Who is a Canadian? Well, the political
answer is that he is an American who avoided
Northrop Frye, The Globe and
Mail, 6 April 1976
"No country in the
world ever received a higher class of
Sir John George Bairinot
Encampment of the Loyalists at Johnstown (Cornwall).
Campement des Loyalistes à Johnstown (Cornwall). LAC Acc. No.
1989-218-1, James Peachy, 6
The savages let loose, or The Cruel
fate of the Loyalists. Library of Congress, 97515386, London, William
Humphrey, March 1783
SAVAGES let loose, OR The Cruel FATE of the LOYALISTSIs this a Peace, when
Loyalists must bleed? It is a Bloody Piece of work indeed.
[Left Indian] I have them all in a string.
[Top centre] Recommended to Congress by Lord S–––––––e.
[Centre Indian] I'll scalp him.
[Loyalist] O Cruel Fate! Is this the Return for Our Loyalty.
[Right Indian] I'll tomahawk the dog.
"The conclusion of the Revolution did not end
the American fear of Canada as a British knife poised for a thrust against
Donald F. Warner, 1960
"I verily believe that the militia of
Kentucky are alone competent to place Montreal and Upper Canada at your
Henry Clay, 1810
"The acquisition of Canada this year
, as far as the neigbourhood of Quebec, will be a mere matter of
marching, and will give us experience for the attack of Halifax the next,
and final expulsion of England from the American
Thomas Jefferson, letter, 4 August 1812
"We can take Canada without soldiers. We
have only to send officers into the Provinces, and the people, disaffected
towards their own Government, will rally round our
William Eustis, Secretary of War.
Sir Isaac Brock. LAC
Acc. No. 1991-30-1, John Wycliffe Lowes Forster, 1920s?
Brock Entering Queenston, 1812. Brock
entrer à Queenston. LAC e01952223, Arthur H. Hider and
John David Kelly, ca.
"A country defended by
Free Men, enthusiastically devoted to the cause of their King and
Constitution, can never be
General Isaac Brock, 1812
"The Canadian people . . . look upon him
[Sir Isaac Brock] as the Americans look upon
Charles Mair, Tecumseh. A Drama, 1886
A scene on the frontiers as practiced
by the "humane" British and their "worthy" allies, Library of Congress,
William Charles, Philadelphia, 1812
[Charles denounces British and
Indian depredations on the American frontier during the War of 1812,
alluding specifically to the practice of offering bounties for American
scalps. The cartoon may have been prompted by the August 1812 massacre at
Chicago and the purchase of American scalps there by British Colonel
Proctor. On the left a British officer receives a bloody scalp from an
Indian, who has a purse with "Reward for Sixteen Scalps" hanging from his
flintlock. The Indian's knife and tomahawk bear the initials "GR" (for
Georgius Rex, i.e., King George). The officer says, "Bring me the Scalps
and the King our master will reward you." From a button on the officer's
coat hangs a tag or sack labeled "Secret Service Money." At right, another
Indian is in the process of scalping a fallen soldier; another dead,
scalped soldier lies nearby. In the background two Indians and two
soldiers dance about a campfire. Below are eight lines of verse: "Arise
Columbia's Sons and forward press, / Your Country's wrongs call loudly for
redress; / The Savage Indian with his Scalping knife, / Or Tomahawk may
seek to take your life; / By bravery aw'd they'll in a dreadful Fright, /
Shrink back for Refuge to the Woods in Flight; / Their British leaders
then will quickly shake, / And for
wrongs shall restitution make."]
The Meeting of Brock and
Tecumseh. LAC Acc. No. 1997-229-1,
Lorne K. Smith, [between
Meeting of Brock and Tecumseh, 1812. LAC Acc.
No. 1972-26-1360, Charles William Jefferys, 1920s or 1930s?
"The army under my command has invaded your
country. The standard of the Union now waves over the territory of Canada.
To the peaceable, unoffending inhabitants it brings neither danger nor
difficulty . . . The United States offers you peace, liberty, and
security. . . I tender you the invaluable blessings of Civil, Political
and Religious Liberty. . . You will be emancipated from Tyranny and
Oppression and restored to the dignified station of
William Hull, 1812
British Warfare in 1812, 1837-38,
LAC Acc. No. 1970-188-2011 W.H. Coverdale Collection of Canadiana, Henry
R. Robinson, New York, ca. 1843
[Inscribed in the print, [on image, in
caption bubble with native] u.l.: Give me plenty / rum, Gubner / Head, I
catch / you more / Scalps - ! ; [in caption bubble with Officer wearing
busby] u.l.: No Quarter, no prisoners! / Hurrah! for Queen Victoria! ; [on
sign in man's hand] c.: LIBERTY / to the / NEGROES. ; [in caption bubble
with Black man wearing uncoloured military jacket] c.r.: Gorra [sic] -
mighty! / me burn all de [sic] / farming untensil [sic]! ; [on burning
ship] l.l.: CAROLINE / BUF [space] FA [....] ; [on sign at foot of
Officer] l.: Rights / of Nations ; [on sign at foot of Officer] r.: Rights
of War / between / Civilized Nations ; [below image] b.: BRITISH WARFARE
IN 1812, 1837-38.]
LAC Acc. No. 1997-56-1, Henry Louis Stephens, ca.1833-1866
Queenston Heights, Haut-Canada (Queenston, Ont.). LAC Acc. No.
1989-494-10, Francis Hall, September 1816
The Battle of Queenston, 13 October 1812. LAC Acc.
No. R13133-387, James Dennis,
History of the Dominion of Canada, Charles R. Tuttle, 1878
Death of Isaac Brock.
LAC C-008261, Charles
1920s or 1930s?
"It is to that illustrious man [Sir Isaac
Brock] of glorious memory that we owe the preservation of this country . .
. and those British institutions which it is our happiness now to
J. A. MacDonell, speaker at the unveiling of the Sir Isaac Brock
of Queenston Heights, 13 October 1812. La bataille de Queenston Heights,
13 octobre 1812.. LAC Acc. No. 1954-153-1, John David Kelly, 1896
Monument, Queenston Heights. Monument de Brock, Queenston Heights. LAC
Acc. No. 1983-47-40R, Philip John Bainbrigge, 1836-1842
Brock's Monument on the Heights at Queenston. Le monument du général Brock
sur les collines de Queenston. LAC Acc. No. 1955-102-65, 2
Heights. LAC Acc. No. R9266-1696, Thomas H. Shepherd, n.d.
of Gen. Pike, At York, (U.C.) on the 27th April, 1813. La mort du Général
Pike à York (Haut-Canada), le 27 avril 1813. LAC Acc. No. 1990-553-734
[Zebulon Montgomery Pike], n.d.
taking the American Ship Chesapeake by the Officers and Crew of H.M. Ship
Shannon commanded by Capt. Broke, June 1813 [Abordage et capture du navire
américain Chesapeake par les officiers et l'équipage du HMS Shannon
commandé par le capitaine Broke, juin 1813]. LAC Acc. No. 1937-31-1,
Matthew Dubourg, 1816
British Valour and Yankee Boasting or Shannon versus
Chesapeake. Le courage britannique et la vanterdise américaine ou Shannon
contre Chesapeake. LAC Acc. No. R9266-3418 Collection de Canadiana Peter
Winkworth, George Cruickshank, 1813
[No. 4] H.M.S.
Shannon Leading Her Prize the American Frigate Chesapeake Into Halifax
Harbour. [No. 4] H.M.S. Shannon menant la frégate américaine Le Chesapeake
dans le port de Halifax. LAC 1970-188-1937 W.H. Coverdale Collection of
Canadiana, John Christian Schetky, ca. 1830
Battle-ground of Stony
(sic) Creek. LAC C-005320, 1894
Battle at Stoney Creek, 1813. LAC Acc. No.
1972-26-596, Charles William Jefferys, 1920s or 1930s?
Battle at Stoney Creek,
1813. LAC Acc. No. 1972-26-596, Charles William Jefferys, 1920s or
Laura Secord. LAC
1996-282-10, Henry Sandham, ca. 1910
Laura Secord on Her Way to Warn the British, 1813. LAC
Acc. No. 1972-26-1405, Charles William Jefferys, 1920s or 1930s?
Laura Secord, Legendary Patriot [graphic material] =
Laura Secord, Héroïne légendaire. LAC R169-2562-1-E,
1992, Canada Post Corporation
Secord. LAC 1996-282-10, Henry Sandham, ca. 1910
Laura Secord Discovered by
British-Amerindian Allies. Image taken from Canadian Military Heritage
Meeting Between Laura
Secord and Lieut. Fitzgibbon, June 1813. Rencontre entre Laura Secord et
le lieutenant Fitzgibbon, juin 1813. LAC 1997-229-2, Lorne K. Smith, ca.
Perry's Victory. LAC Acc. No.
1970-188-1538 W.H. Coverdale Collection of Canadiana, ca. 1900 [Oliver
Hazard Perry is remembered for the words on his battle flag, "Don't Give
Up the Ship" and his message to General William Henry Harrison which reads
in part, "We have met the enemy and they are ours; ..."]
"Without the War of 1812, aboriginal Canadians
would have suffered the same fate as American
James Moore, Globe and Mail, 10 March 2012
Mounted Men charging a party of British Artillerists and Indians at the
Battle fought near Moraviantown October 2nd 1813. Les hommes du colonel
Johnson, à cheval, attaquant un groupe d'artilleurs britanniques et
d'Indiens pendant la bataille qui a eu lieu près de Moraviantown, le 2
octobre 1813. LAC C-007763, 1813
the Thames, October 5th, 1813. Bataille de la Thames, 5 octobre 1813. LAC
Acc. No. 1970-188-2005 Collection de Canadiana W.H. Coverdale,
the Thames, (Oct. 5, 1813). La bataille de Thames, 5 octobre 1813. LAC
1970-188-997 Collection de Canadiana W.H. Coverdale, William Emmons,
Death of Tecumseh, Battle of the Thames, 18 October
1813, N. Currier, c.1846
The Dying Tecumseh, National Portrait Gallery,
Frederick Pettrich, 1858
Chateauguay, 1813. LAC Acc. No. 1984-164-46 Source: Mr. Laurent Allard,
Laval, Québec. Henri Julien, 1880-1908
Attack on Fort
Oswego, Lake Ontario, N. America. May 6th, 1814, Noon. Attaque contre le
fort Oswego, lac Ontario, Amérique du Nord, le 6 mai 1814, à midi. LAC
c000794k, John Hewett, 1815
Chippewa [5 juillet 1814] LAC Acc. No. 1958-46-2, Alfred Sandham,
British Burn Capital, Alyn Cox, mural
published London 1815
Lundy's Lane Battle Grounds, 25 July 1814, Time 9 p. m. LAC C-093560,
Alfred Sandham, ca. 1900
Lundy's Lane. LAC Acc. No. R9266-3304, Alonzo
A Hundred Years Peace. Cent ans de paix. LAC Acc.
No. 1993-275-1, Amedee Forestier, 1914 [The Signature of the Treaty of
Ghent between Great Britain and the United States of America, Dec. 24th,
"Remembering is always going to be selective
and partial, particularly when it comes to war . . . We see the War of
1812 we want to see, and overlook parts that don't
Globe and Mail, 10 March 2012
"[The War of 1812] the war that Canada won,
or to put it more precisely did not
Triumph Through Diversity. This monument commemorates
the 200th anniversary of the War of 1812. Ottawa, Adrienne Alison, 2014.
The monument shows a Métis fighter firing a cannon, a woman bandaging the
arm of a Voltigeur—a French combatant, a Royal Navy sailor pulling a rope,
a First Nations warrior pointing into the distance, a Canadian militiaman
raising his arm in triumph, and a member of the British Army's Royal
Newfoundland Regiment firing a musket.