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"The extraction and supply of staples, such as fur, fish, wood, wheat, minerals, and petroleum, to large portions of the world shaped Canada's economic, cultural and political development."
                              Joe Martin and Christopher Kobrak, From Wall Street to Bay Street







"The fisheries of Newfoundland are inexhaustible and are of more value to the Empire than all the silver mines of Peru."
                                                Sir Francis Bacon, The Essays or Counsels, 1625




Cod fishing, 1698 LAC C003686












Whaling, 1780, LAC Acc. No. 1977-55-8




The first lumber raft down the Ottawa river, 1806. Le premier train de bois sur la rivière des Outaouais, 1806. LAC, Acc. No. 1972-26-792, Charles W. Jefferys, 1920s or 1930s








Indian Hunters Pursuing the Buffalo in the Early Spring. Chasseurs indiens poursuivant le bison, tôt au printemps. LAC, Acc. No. 1981-55-68 Bushnell Collection, Peter Rindischbacher, ca. 1822




Making Maple Sugar, Lower Canada. Préparation du sucre d'érable, Bas-Canada. LAC Acc. No. 1988-10-3, Philip John Bainbrigge, ca. 1837





Fishing at Sault Ste. Marie. Pêche à Sault-Sainte-Marie. LAC, Acc. No. 1981-55-6, William Armstrong 1869 



"Like the fur trade, the trade in deals and timber was rooted firmly in the geography and history of the country. Supplies were apparently inexhaustible. The river system of transportation was suited to the carriage of the buoyant softwood logs; and the commercial philosophy and system which had been elaborated to serve the fur trade could be transformed to support the commerce for the new staple."
                                                                                               Donald Creighton



The First Harvest in Canada, J. D. Kelly, 1900?




Dépôt de bois près de Québec, vers 1838. Timber depot near Québec, ca. 1838. LAC C-016549, Willliam Henry Bartlett




Oxen Dragging a Felled Tree. Boeufs tirant un arbre abattu. LAC, Acc. No. R9266-250 Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana, George H. Harvey, ca. 1846-1910




Sugar Making in Canada. Cabane à sucre au Canada. LAC Acc. No. 1989-512, Cornelius Krieghoff, 1849




Steam ferry-boat and rafting timber on St. John River near Fredericton, New Brunswick. LAC, Acc. No. 1985-3-70, William S. M. Wolfe, 1854-54





Cod fishing, 1854, LAC Acc. No. 1943-121-84












Cutting Wood in the Forest. Indiens coupant du bois dans la forêt. LAC 1937-288-1, William G. R. Hind, ca.1863




Lumberman, Toronto Reference Library,  941-3-39 Cab IV (Hind) Fra, 1870




A Logger's Camp on Vancouver Island. LAC Acc. No. 1989-201-32, E. Sandys, 1880-1900



The Grand Hotel
http://folklore.bc.ca/the-grand-hotel/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2gkRlJo__BY








Ploughing - April. LAC, Acc. No. 1984-164-36 Source: Mr. Laurent Allard, Laval, Québec, Henri Julien, 1880-1908




A Ranch in the Rockies. Une ferme dans les Rocheuses. 1887-1909, Edward Roper, LAC Acc. No. 1989-446-11




Breaking Prairie in July, Northwest Territory, Canada (Arthur Field's place, about 5 miles northeast of Broadview). Labourage de la prairie au mois de juillet, T.N-O., Canada (ferme d'Arthur Field's, environ 8 kilomètres au nord-est de Broadview). LAC, Acc. No. 1989-446-25, Edward Roper,  ca. 1887-1909



Railway Station and Corn Elevator, Brandon. Gare de chemin de fer et élévateurs à maïs, Brandon. LAC, C-022395, John Pedder, ca. 1887




Preparing seal or whale oil for market. Victoria, BC, LAC C-068455




Newfoundland fishing 1897, LAC e000610861








Threshing wheat on the plains, Manitoba, n.d. LAC Acc. No. 1948-59-2




Angel of Progress, electric power, 1900




Threshing scene, Portage Plains, Manitoba, n.d. LAC PA-066659




Canadian Lumberman, January 1905












The Lumber Jack, Toronto Reference Library ARTS-PC-657, 1907












Communal harvesting. The men ride the binders and the women stook. LAC C-009787, 1910-12




















Lou Skuce, The Toronto World, 15 January 1911





























Bushmen and Sawmill Hands Wanted, Ottawa, Library of Congress LC-USZC4-12675. 1915




Bushmen and Sawmill Hands Wanted, Ottawa, Library of Congress LC-USZC4-12676, 1915



 











 







 




The Harvester by Lionel Lemoine Fitzgerald, 1921



 











 




British Columbia Electric Company, The Vancouver Sun, July 1925



 




Empire Marketing Board, Timber,  1926-34 LAC Acc. No. 1983-27-38




BC Legislative Assembly building



 
BC Legislative Assembly building




BC Legislative Assembly building




BC Legislative Assembly building




A Canadian Salmon Cannery on the Pacific Coast. Une conserverie de saumon canadien sur la côte du Pacifique, Canada. Great Britain, Empire Marketing Board, LAC Acc. No. 1983-27-363, 1926-1934








Work and Play. Indian Residential School, [Fort] Resolution, N.W.T. Travail et jeu ? pensionnat indien, [Fort] Resolution, T. N.-O. LAC PA-048021, 1928?



 







 




Ukrainian women cutting logs, Athabasca, Alberta. LAC C-019134, 1930











Jimmy Sewid and other fishermen from 'Namgis First Nation pulling in a fishing net. LAC /e011051640, Canada. Dept. of Manpower and Immigration







 











 
























 




« This Is Our Strength - Electric Power » : Effort de guerre canadien et campagne de sensibilisation à la production. LAC Acc. No. 1983-30-103, Marion Scott, ca. 1941







 



 



















 








Canada's Mining men break records. LAC Acc. No. 1983-30-1062, 1944




  




Mining dredge, Yukon Toronto Star License, Toronto Reference Library tspp_0009526f 1946



  


 





A humpback whale being skinned. Baleine à bosse que l'on dépouille. Photograph taken in British Columbia. NFB Photo Story: Annual Kill 600: Canadian Whaling Fleet. Title based on the following caption from the NFB Photo Story: Towed up seaplane ramp of converted RCAF base at Coal Harbour, a 50-ton Humpback has its skin peeled back, banana-fashion, be "flensing" crew. Using razor-sharp flensing knives, the crew makes three cuts through the blubber from tail to head, parting the firm white coat with a crisp sound. Blubber is then cut into strips and diced before being fed into digesters. Mammals yield big returns in blubber, oil and bone fertilizer. To a limited extent, fast-frozen, beef-like "whale steaks" are sold in Vancouver shops for human consumption. Canada's whaling industry has operated since 1890.Chris Lund, 1948, LAC National Film Board fonds/e011175762












 



 







 







 







 



 



 







 



 
 

 
















   

   
 

 
   
 
 
 

 





 

 
  
 


 
 

 





 

 
  







 











 



 



  



 











 



 



















 



 







 















 























 







































 



 







 







 



























 















   











 











 



















 







































 



















 
 

"Canada is like a farmer who maintains his high standard of living by selling off another piece of the farm every spring."
                                                                                      Walter Gordon, 1975

 

"We have come to believe that we can dig it up, cut it down, or pump it out, endlessly."
                                                  Douglas Wright, address, 28 November 1985

 

"For the most part Canadians, a notoriously lazy bunch, still live of the riches we were fortunate enough to stumble on here in the first place. Our prosperity, such as it is, is based on what we can dig or pump out of the ground or harvest from its surface or the surrounding seas."
                                                                                                 Mordecai Richler