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"The fisheries of Newfoundland are inexhaustible and are of more value to the Empire than all the silver mines of Peru."
                                                Sir Francis Bacon, The Essays or Counsels, 1625




Cod fishing, 1698 LAC C003686








Fishing at Sault Ste. Marie. Pêche à Sault-Sainte-Marie. LAC, Acc. No. 1981-55-6, William Armstrong 1869




Whaling, 1780, LAC Acc. No. 1977-55-8 



"Like the fur trade, the trade in deals and timber was rooted firmly in the geography and history of the country. Supplies were apparently inexhaustible. The river system of transportation was suited to the carriage of the buoyant softwood logs; and the commercial philosophy and system which had been elaborated to serve the fur trade could be transformed to support the commerce for the new staple."
                                                                                               Donald Creighton




The first lumber raft down the Ottawa river, 1806. Le premier train de bois sur la rivière des Outaouais, 1806. LAC, Acc. No. 1972-26-792, Charles W. Jefferys, 1920s or 1930s





Making Maple Sugar, Lower Canada. LAC Acc. No. 1988-10-3, Philip John Bainbridge, ca. 1837




Dépôt de bois près de Québec, vers 1838. Timber depot near Québec, ca. 1838. LAC C-016549, Willliam Henry Bartlett




Oxen Dragging a Felled Tree. Boeufs tirant un arbre abattu. LAC, Acc. No. R9266-250 Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana, George H. Harvey, ca. 1846-1910




Steam ferry-boat and rafting timber on St. John River near Fredericton, New Brunswick. LAC, Acc. No. 1985-3-70, William S. M. Wolfe, 1854-54





Cod fishing, 1854, LAC Acc. No. 1943-121-84








Ploughing - April. LAC, Acc. No. 1984-164-36 Source: Mr. Laurent Allard, Laval, Québec, Henri Julien, 1880-1908




Breaking Prairie in July, Northwest Territory, Canada (Arthur Field's place, about 5 miles northeast of Broadview). Labourage de la prairie au mois de juillet, T.N-O., Canada (ferme d'Arthur Field's, environ 8 kilomètres au nord-est de Broadview). LAC, Acc. No. 1989-446-25, Edward Roper,  ca. 1887-1909




Railway Station and Corn Elevator, Brandon. Gare de chemin de fer et élévateurs à maïs, Brandon. LAC, C-022395, John Pedder, ca. 1887




Newfoundland fishing 1897, LAC e000610861








Threshing wheat on the plains, Manitoba, n.d. LAC Acc. No. 1948-59-2




Threshing scene, Portage Plains, Manitoba, n.d. LAC PA-066659















































 











 







 











 




British Columbia Electric Company, The Vancouver Sun, July 1925



 




Empire Marketing Board, Timber,  1926-34 LAC Acc. No. 1983-27-38




BC Legislative Assembly building



 
BC Legislative Assembly building




BC Legislative Assembly building




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« This Is Our Strength - Electric Power » : Effort de guerre canadien et campagne de sensibilisation à la production. LAC Acc. No. 1983-30-103, Marion Scott, ca. 1941







 



 























  



  


 








 



 







 



 







 



 







 



 
 

 












   

   
 

 
   
 
 
 

 





 

 
  
 


 
 

 





 

 
  







 







 



 



  



 











 



 



















 



 



















 























 



































 







 























 















   











 











































































 
 

"Canada is like a farmer who maintains his high standard of living by selling off another piece of the farm every spring."
                                                                                      Walter Gordon, 1975

"We have come to believe that we can dig it up, cut it down, or pump it out, endlessly."
                                                  Douglas Wright, address, 28 November 1985

"For the most part Canadians, a notoriously lazy bunch, still live of the riches we were fortunate enough to stumble on here in the first place. Our prosperity, such as it is, is based on what we can dig or pump out of the ground or harvest from its surface or the surrounding seas."
                                                                                                 Mordecai Richler