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Women's Issues — Condition sociale féminine

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"'Women,' added he [Matonabbee, Hearne's Chipewyun guide], 'were made for labour; one of them can carry, or haul, as much as two men can do. They also pitch our tents, make and mend our clothing, keep us warm at night; and, in fact, there is no such thing as travelling any considerable distance, or for any length of time, in this country, without their assistance. Women', said he again, 'though they do every thing, are maintained at trifling expense; for as they always stand cook, the very licking of their fingers in scarce times, is sufficient for their subsistence.'"
                                                                                   Samuel Hearne, Oct. 1770















"Girls should be educated to fit them for the sphere of life for which they are destined– that of the homemaker."
                                                                             Adelaide Hoodless, 1897












1898 LAC National Council of Women Ottawa a028033



































THE WHITE SLAVE

1.  One little girl, fair as a pearl,
    Worked every day in a laundry
    All that she made, for food she paid,
    So she slept on a park bench so soundly.
    An old procuress spied her there
    And whispered softly in her ear:

Chorus
COME WITH ME NOW MY GIRLIE
DON’T SLEEP OUT IN THE COLD
YOUR FACE AND TRESSES CURLY
WILL BRING YOU FAME AND GOLD
AUTOMOBILES TO RIDE IN
DIAMONDS AND SILKS TO WEAR
YOU’LL BE A STAR BRIGHT, DOWN IN THE RED LIGHT
YOU’LL MAKE YOUR FORTUNE THERE

2.  Same little girl, no more a pearl,
    Walks all alone by the river,
    Five years have flown, her health is gone,
    She would look at the water and shiver.
    Whene'er she'd stop to rest and sleep
    She'd hear a voice call from the deep:

3.  Girls in this way fall everyday
    And have been falling for ages.
    Who is to blame? You know his name
    He's the boss who pays starvation wages.
    A homeless girl can always hear
    Temptations calling everywhere.

Joe Hill, "The White Slave", Industrial Worker "Little Red Songbook", 6 March 1913.




































"John Tightwad, bachelor, in Saskatchewan . . . promised Jennie Armstrong to endow her with all his worldly good. The fact they consisted of one homestead, a little cold, leaky-roofed shack, a yoke of oxen, and some machinery with chattel mortgages against it, did no dim the splendor of the promise in Jennie's eyes."




"The first year of her married life Jennie Tightwad found that what she had looked upon in the past as hard labor had been luxurious leisure compared with her present employment. She worked early and late, helping John in the fields when her work was done in the house. . . That fall, thru their combined efforts, they cleared off a large part of the debt on the hired machinery. Jennie had saved her husband the salary of a hired man . . . She was not offered any of the crop returns nor was she consulted upon the disposition of them."




"Fifteen years drifted along and at the end of that time John Tightwd owned two sections of land, clear, many head of stock, a splendid barn, a fair sized house and six children. All that Jennie owned of this was her rather dowdy wardrobe. She hadn't even a legal share in the children. When she wanted money she had to beg John to let her have it and there was always a scene and a wrangle."




"Rumors began to reach Jennie of John's attentions to a certain pretty window who had taken up residence in the district. . . John disappeared with the window after having sold his farm, stock, house and furniture . . . He was safely out of reach, and now the law which, during her residence with her husband refused her any claim on the children, suddenly changed its tactics and demanded that she support them, after they were turned off the homestead."




Women war workers at the Northern Electric Co. Ltd. Factory, Montreal, 1916, LAC PA-024627












La victoire en chantant :  revue in 20 acts. LAC, Acc. No. 1983-28-4042, Edouard Bernard, 1914-1918











































"Few women are enrolled among the makers of Canada. Yet in all save the earliest years they have formed nearly half the population and have done almost half the work. But historians and businessmen tell us little of the part they have played. The woman's stage was set not in the limelight but in the firelight."
                                                              Isabel Skelton, The Backwoodsman, 1924

"To have part of life can never be enough, one must have all. That is what I want for women."
                                                                                                Agnes Macphail

"What women want is not deference but equality. The old fashioned chivalry [flowers] is all hollow. It means nothing except that men think women inferior."
                                                                                               Agnes Macphail

"When I hear men talk about women being the angel of the home I always, mentally at least, shrug my shoulders in doubt. I do not want to be the angel of any home; I want for myself what I want for other women, absolute equality. After that is secured then men and women can take turns being angels."
                                                              Agnes Macphail, H or Cs, 26 February 1925

"Whereas men naturally place business values, economic values first, we women naturally place the emphasis on human values. So I wish to push human values to the forefront of politics."
                                                                                 Agnes Macphail, 7 June 1925

"One lone woman in Parliament
'Twas Agnes Macphail
When the miners were hungry
She never did fail
To fight for the starving
With their empty dinner pail
God give us more women."
Like Agnes Macphail.
               Agnes Macphail papers















 















 







  



"I would certainly hate to see a good woman wanted there [in the Senate]. It is a useless institution and appointment to it would be like being placed on a shelf prior to burial."
                                                                                         Agnes Macphail, 1929



 



  



 








Women Canadian Olympic Team. LAC, PA-053427 21 January 1930







 



"I am a feminist and I want for women the thing men are not willing to give them – absolute equality. We will not get it this year, but will get it next."
                                                         Agnes Macphail, Toronto Mail, 16 January 1931

"Men long ago decided that women's sphere was anything he did not wish to do himself."
                                                                    Nellie McClung, In Times Like These



 







 



 







 




1938 National Federation of Liberal Women of Canada LAC PA-096901



 




Three Women. Soviet Russia's stirring tribute to women. LAC, Acc. No. R738-90R Sydney Newman and Nathan Petroff 1939



 



 



 















 




Bibliothèque National du Québec




Manitoba Archives



 


 
  







 



 
For more wartime magazines visit: http://elinorflorence.com/blog/117839



  







 
 

 
   

   
 

 
   
 

 

 
   
 







 



 

 
 
 


  



 
MTPL




War artist Molly Lamb, 1945, LAC PA-113772




 







"Women have fallen below the standard of citizenship which those who fought for the suffrage set for them. Women in politics have not flopped, because women politicians have on average exceeded their male counterparts, but there have been too few of them. These things take time."
                                                                       Agnes Macphail, 22 November 1946

"Maternity is the ultimate destiny of women and signifies the flowering of her existence."
                                                          La Mère canadienne et son enfant, 1946



 



"Whatever she does woman must do twice as well as any man to be thought of just half as good . . . luckily it's not difficult."
                                                                   Charlotte Whitten, Mayor of Ottawa







 

Should Bride Promise to Obey?
Bulk of Voters Say She Should

"Some people feel the word 'obey' should be omitted from the marriage service. Others think the wife should promise to obey. What are your views on this?"
Want "Obey" omitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31%
Want it retained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44%
"Both should promise to obey" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6%
Qualified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2%
Undecided . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17%

                                                                 Men  Women
Should omit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26%    36%
Should not omit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49%    40%
Both should promise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5%      7%
Qualified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1%     2%
Undecided . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19%    15%

Gallop Poll of Canada, The Montreal Daily Star, 15 November 1947


 







 



 



"A woman is regarded as a second-rate substitute for a man. The dice are loaded for half the population. The men want to hog everything. They want all the gravy, the gravy boat and the silver ladle."
                                                                      Agnes Macphail, 16 September 1949



 







 







 



 







 



 



 











 







 











 







 







 











 







 



"I can't be a rose in any man's lapel."
                               Margaret Trudeau











 







 












"There are fifty-six whopping cranes in Canada, and one female parliamentarian."
                                                                  Barbara Frum, Chatelaine, October 1971















 















 




Royal Commission of the Status of Women 1970 e010858739































 







 











 



 































 











 




19 Sept 1974 LAC Acc. No. 1988-243-394











  







 







 







 











 




















LAC R112674-139 



 



 



"Being a career woman is harder than being a career man. You've got to look like a lady, act like a man, and work like a dog."
Margot Kidder, The Toronto Star, 18 August 1979



 











 







 







 




Here's One Small Reason Why You Shouldn't Have an Abortion :  advertisement poster for Right to Life. LAC, Acc. No. 1980-86-5, Fred Bird 1981



















 




1985 LAC Acc. No. 1985-153-4



 




1990 Kim Campbell Barbara Woodley Labatt Breweries LAC PA 186869



"Society has yet to develop a better method to care for the young, protect the weak and attend the elderly."
                                   C Grendolyn Landolt, (REAL Realistic, Equal, Active for Life),
                                                                      The Globe and Mail, 23 April 1987

"Abortion is a decision between a woman, her doctor and God."
                                 Ralph Klein, The Globe and Mail, 7 April 1995