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Cold War — Guerre froide

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Multiple Perspectives - perspectives multiple

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The Workers Monthly, Chicago, November 1925



National Film Board, Harry Mayerovitch, 1944

1944-45 Greetings to the Soviet Heroes, Together we shall Conquer :  "Greetings to the Soviet Heroes, Together We Shall Conquer". LAC, Acc. No. 1981-32-19 Source: Harry Mayerovitch, Montréal, Québec, 1944-45  

Toronto 1944 Rare Books and Special Collections UBC

Toronto 1944 Rare Books and Special Collections UBC

1945 Mr. Lester B. Pearson addressing one of the committees at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco. M. Lester B. Pearson s'adressant à l'un des comités à la Conférence des Nations Unies sur l'Organisation internationale, à San Francisco. LAC, C-018532

Unidentified Forward Observation Officer of the Royal Canadian Artillery (R.C.A.) shaking hands with a Russian soldier, Wismar, Germany, 4 May 1945. Lieut. Charles H. Richer / Canada. Dept. of National Defence / LAC / PA-150930


"Beware, for the time may be short. A shadow has fallen across the scenes as lately lighted by the Allied victory. Nobody knows what Soviet Russia and its Communist international organization intend to do in the immediate future.
From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an Iron Curtain has descended across the Continent."

Winston Churchill, speech at Fulton, Missouri, 5 March 1946

"It [the Cold War] began, though nobody was aware of it at the time, in Ottawa, Canada not in one of the major capitals of the world." (5 September 1945)
                                                                 Pierre Berton, Marching to War, p.508

"This is Drew Pearson with a flash from Washington. Canada's Prime Minister Mackenzie King has informed President Truman of a very serious situation affecting our relations with Russia. A Soviet agent [Igor Gouzenko] surrendered some time ago to Canadian authorities and confessed to a gigantic Russian espionage network inside the United States."
                                                                        Drew Pearson,  3 February 1946

"Now, the conflict is whether the United States or Russia shall control the world."
                                                                                                   W. L. M. King

John Collins, Montreal Gazette, 23 March 1946


Hiroshima, The Standard Magazine Montreal, Oscar Cahe´n, 28 September 1946

Nations Unies. LAC Acc. No. 1984-4-1513 Publié par l'organisation des Nations Unies, Département de l'information, Henry Eveleigh, 1947

June 1947

Rube Goldberg, The New York Sun, 22 July 1947

"Communism is the most subtle of all evils, because its appeal is made in the name of freedom, and it marches under the banners of Freedom. Its appeal is to the masses, whom it promises to deliver from their chains. It speaks in the name of enlarged opportunity and increased security. It is, in reality, none of these. The immediate purpose of Communism is the complete control of the individual in the name of the state. Its ultimate aim is world domination. Beneath its mask are concealed the secret police, slave labour, and the concentration camp."
                                                                                  W. L. Mackenzie King, 1948

Laura Gray, The Militant, New York, 26 April 1948

"Without sacrificing the universality of the United Nations, it is possible for the free nations of the world to form their own closer association for collective self-defence [North Atlantic Treaty Organization] under article 51 of the charter of the United Nations . . .  the formation of such a defensive group of free states would not be a counsel of despair but a message of hope."
                                                                 Louis St. Laurent, H of Cs, 29 April 1948

Duggan, La Liberté et le patriote, St. Boniface, 14 May 1948

"It is certain that Europe would have been communized and London under bombardment some time ago but for the deterrent of the atomic bomb in the hands of the United States."
                                                                                Winston Churchill, 1949

"Canada and other free enterprise countries now know that the only real hope for security lies in a common resolution to stand together against aggression."
                                                                   Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent, 1949

There's a Future for You in AVIATION Fly with the R.C.A.F. LAC, Acc. No. R1300-308

                       Does the Padlock Law define what Communism is?

Not at all. All it says is that “it shall be illegal for any person, who possesses or occupies a house within the province, to use it or make use of it to propagate Communism or Bolshevism by any means whatsoever.” When asked for a definition in the Provincial Assembly, Duplessis answered that “Communism can be felt” and that “any definition would prevent the application of the law.” …
Raise your voice in protest every time you hear of any violation of human rights, regardless of how small the violation is or even if it is directed at a group you are not in favour of. History has shown time and time again that when a minority, religious or political, is under attack, it is only the beginning --- other groups may suffer later. The most vivid, example is Hitler-Germany where the Communists and Jews were attacked first, then the Social Democrats, then the trade unions, then the churches….then all the free peoples of the world. It will all be done in the name of anti-Communism…. The time to call “Halt!” is NOW! Tomorrow it will be more difficult. [pamphlet signed by 43 clergymen]
Thomas C. Roberts, The Story of the Padlock Law, League of Democratic Rights, Toronto, 1950.

(Peace Movement) Young Demonstrators.  LAC PA-093736, Canadian Tribune

David Low, 30 June 1950

Combat Montreal 1951

                 Should Communists be allowed to teach?
Varsity, Toronto, 13 February 1953

Varsity, Toronto, 13 October 1953

(Peace Campaign) Annual Peace Picnic. Communist Party of Canada, Canadian Tribune, LAC PA-093755, July 1954

The US State Department prevented the great African-American Paul Robeson from entering Canada because he called for world peace, nuclear disarmament and was critical of American racial policies. He gave a concert at the Peace Arch Park, 24 July 1955, BC. Pacific Tribune Archive, SFU

[Ho Chi Min, Paul Martin, Lydon Johnson]

                        Make a Fuss    Weaponry
Canadian Hungarian Worker, Vancouver, 18 October 1956

"Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will bury you."
                                               Nikita  Khrushchev, 18 November 1956

Dans l'Opposition. LAC Acc. No. 1989-150-49, Robert LaPalme, 22 December 1956

"In truth, when John Diefenbaker signed the NORAD Agreement, Canada lost most of its ability to act independently of the United States in a military crisis."
                                                                                                    Knowlton Nash

Avro Arrow 1959 LAC PA-210520

May 1960

"By the accident of geography and history we find ourselves squarely between the two greatest powers on earth. We have no fortresses facing either. We want to live at peace with our northern neighbours, as we have lived so long at peace with our southern neighbours."
                   John Diefenbaker, in a speech to the United Nations, 26 September 1960

May 1961 Visit of the President of United States John F. Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline. Group in front of the Government House: President John F. Kennedy, Governor General Georges Vanier, Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker, Mrs. Kennedy, and Mrs. Diefenbaker. LAC, PA-154665, Duncan Cameron May 1961

1961 Women on steps holding signs "No Nuclear Arms for Canada - Pas d'armes nucléaires pour le Canada". LAC, PA-209888, Duncan Cameron 25 September 1961

"We must accept the fact that we lie between the world's two greatest protagonists, and, if war comes, we will be in the middle of it whether we are neutralists, isolationists or active supporters of the West, and whether we are unarmed or are armed."
                                                  George Harkness, Canadian Minister of Defence

"We must recognize that, in the long run, the overwhelming threat to Canada will not come from foreign investments, or foreign ideologies, or even - with good fortune - foreign nuclear weapons. It will come instead from the two-thirds of the people of the world who are steadily falling farther and farther behind in their search for a decent standard of living."
                                                                                   Pierre Elliot Trudeau, 1968

The Martlet, Victoria, 20 February 1968

Le Soleil de Vancouver, 3 January, 1969

The Gateway, Edmonton, 2 October 1969

Stop Amchitka Stop the War.  LAC Acc. No. R1300-348, 1971

Stop Amchitka Stop the War. LAC Acc. No. R1300-348, 1971?

1976 Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro and Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau join in a singalong during the P.M.'s Latin American Tour. LAC, PA-136976, Duncan Cameron January 1976

McGill Daily, Montreal, 26 February 1987

Nuclear Weapons

USA 4,480
Russia 4,300
Britain 1,250
France 300
China 270
Pakistan 140
Indian 130
Israel 85
North Korea 20

Source: The Vancouver Sun, 14 October 2017